Intro to Infertility

Infertility is defined as when a couple has regular unprotected sex for one year (six months if over age 35) without pregnancy. As you age, seeking help becomes more time-sensitive. From your mid-30’s onwards, female fertility can change quickly so it’s key to seek help as early as possible.

Causes of Infertility

The causes of infertility are generally bucketed into one of five major groups. In some way or another, all of these impact fertility by affecting the egg’s likelihood of meeting sperm, fertilizing, or implanting in the uterus.

Ovulation Dysfunction

Ovulation dysfunction is a common cause of infertility that affects many couples trying to conceive. It occurs when a woman’s ovaries fail to release eggs regularly or at all, making it difficult to achieve pregnancy.

Tubal Diseases

Tubal diseases are those affecting the fallopian tubes with scarring or blockages. These may prevent sperm from reaching the egg or an embryo from reaching the uterus. The most common cause for tubal issues tends to be sexually-transmitted infections.


Endometriosis is a disorder in which uterine lining tissue grows where it shouldn’t: outside of the uterus, often including the ovaries and fallopian tubes. While quite common, affecting up to 10% of adult women, it can be highly painful and harmful to surrounding tissue.

Male Factor

Nearly one-third of couples with infertility are primarily due to a male factor issue and male factor may be at least a partial factor in up to 40% of cases. These can include a variety of issues with the sperm, most often regarding sperm count and motility.

Unexplained Infertility

The remainder of infertility cases that are not diagnosed with one of the above categories are labeled “Unexplained Infertility”, which accounts for 15-30% of cases.
Though it may sound frightening, being unable to identify a direct cause of infertility does not mean it can’t be treated!

Solving Fertility Issues with IVF

Fortunately, In-Vitro Fertilization (IVF) can address and help overcome all of the above causes of infertility. IVF specifically refers to fertilizing an egg in a laboratory as opposed to in the body but the term has gradually evolved to cover the entire process of helping individuals conceive.

IVF Process Overview:
The Big Picture

What we call IVF can generally be broken down into these four major components

Learn More About IVF

Want to understand even more about the IVF process at Life IVF? Click below to learn how we can work together, starting from the very beginning with our New Patient process.

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This page was only meant as a quick introduction to the complex world of fertility and women’s health. Let’s chat further, discuss what’s on your mind, and see if we can find a solution together.

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